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Friday, 3 February 2017

Dictionary meaning of force

force
n.
1. physical strength or energy accompanying action or movement.
2. Physics a measurable influence that causes something to move.
3. pressure to do something backed by the use or threat of violence.
4. influence or power.
5. a person or thing having influence: a force for peace.
6. an organized group of soldiers, police, or workers.
7. (the forces) Brit. informal the army, navy, and air force.
v. (forces, forcing, forced)


1. make a way through or into by force.
2. push into position using force.
3. achieve by effort: force a smile.
4. make (someone) do something against their will.
5. (force on/upon) impose (something) on.
6. artificially cause (a plant) to develop or mature quickly.
Phrases:
force someone's hand
make someone do something.
in force
1. in great strength or numbers.
2. (in/into force) in or into effect.
Origin:

Old French.
force 1 S2 W1 / fɔːs $ fɔːrs / noun
1 military
a) [ countable usually plural ] a group of people who have been trained to do military work for a government or other organization
government/military/defence etc forces
The riots were suppressed by government forces.
He strengthened US forces in the Gulf.
a plan to disarm the rebel forces (= those fighting against the government )
b) the forces British English the army, navy, and air force
in the forces
Both her sons are in the forces.
c) nuclear/conventional forces nuclear weapons or ordinary weapons :
short-range nuclear forces
→ air force , armed forces , ground forces , → peacekeeping force at peacekeeping , → security forces at security ( 1 ) , → task force ( 2 )
2 military action [ uncountable ] military action used as a way of achieving your aims :
Peace cannot be imposed by force .
The UN will allow the use of force against aircraft violating the zone.
3 violence [ uncountable ] violent physical action used to get what you want :
The police used force to overpower the demonstrators.
by force
In the end he had to be thrown out of the house by force.
They kicked the door down using sheer brute force .
4 physical power [ uncountable ] the amount of physical power with which something moves or hits another thing → strength
force of
The force of the explosion blew out all the windows.
with great/considerable/increasing etc force

He raised his hand and struck her with terrifying force.
5 natural power [ uncountable and countable ] a natural power or event :
the force of gravity
powerful natural forces such as earthquakes, floods, and drought
the forces of nature
6 organized group [ countable usually singular ] a group of people who have been trained and organized to do a particular job :
the company’s sales force
the quality of the teaching force
→ police force
7 strong influence [ countable ] something or someone who is powerful and has a lot of influence on the way things happen
the driving force (behind something/somebody) (= the person or thing that makes something happen )
Betty Coward was the driving force behind the project.
a force for change/peace/democracy etc (= someone or something that makes change, peace etc more likely to happen )
Healthy competition is a force for innovation.
He’s a quick and decisive player – a force to be reckoned with (= a person, team, company etc that influences what happens ) .
The fall in prices was due to forces beyond their control .
→ market forces
8 powerful effect [ uncountable ] the powerful effect that something has on you :
Even after 30 years, the play has lost none of its force.
the force of his personality
9 join/combine forces (with somebody/something) to work together so that you can deal with a problem, be more powerful etc
join forces to do something
Local schools have joined forces with each other to share facilities.
10 in force
a) if a law, rule etc is in force, it already exists :
The trade embargo has been in force for a year.
b) in a large group, especially in order to protest about something SYN in large numbers :
Villagers turned out in force to protest about the new road.
11 come into force/bring something into force if a new law, rule, change etc comes or is brought into force, it starts to exist :
Parking restrictions in the town centre came into force last month.
12 by/through/out of force of habit because you have always done a particular thing and it is difficult to change :
I get up at 6 o'clock every day out of force of habit.
13 by/through force of circumstance(s) British English if something happens by force of circumstance, events outside your control make it happen
14 wind
a) force 8/9/10 etc a unit for measuring the strength of the wind
b) gale/hurricane force wind extremely strong wind that does a lot of damage
15 police the force a word meaning the police force , used especially by police officers
16 the forces of good/evil etc literary people or things that increase the amount of good or bad in the world :
the battle against the forces of evil
→ labour force , tour de force , workforce
COLLOCATIONS
ADJECTIVES/NOUN + forces
the armed forces (= a country’s military organizations, including the army, navy, and air force ) Israel refused to withdraw its armed forces from the area.
American/British/French etc forces Several battles took place involving American forces.
government forces (= soldiers fighting for the government ) Government forces reportedly shot dead 300 unarmed civilians.
security forces (= who protect a country against people who are fighting the government ) The government claimed that the security forces had destroyed the rebels’ headquarters.
rebel forces (= who are fighting against the government ) The village was attacked by rebel forces.
military forces He served with the military forces during the war.
a defence force Should the European Union have its own defence force?
enemy forces Enemy forces now occupy substantial areas of the city.
a peacekeeping force A large UN peacekeeping force is being assembled.
special forces (= who are specially trained to fight against guerilla or terrorist groups ) Special forces were employed to support the local army.
phrases
be in the forces Her husband is in the forces.
verbs
join the forces (= become a soldier, sailor etc ) He was too young to join the forces when the war broke out.
withdraw your forces Expecting the Allies to attack again, he began to withdraw his forces eastward. 

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